Health Risks for Poodles

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Poodles are active pets and generally healthy animals. There are three size types within the breed known as the Toy Poodle, the Miniature Poodle, and the Standard Poodle. Although each is hardy, there are some health risks for Poodles particular to their size and breed such as:

  • Hip Dysplasia (Standard)
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Addison’s disease
  • Thyroid problems
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Bloat (Standard)
  • Von Willebrand’s disease
  • Trachea issues (Toy, Miniature)
  • Sebaceous adenitis (skin conditions and hair loss)
  • Bladder stones (Toy)
  • Cushing’s disease
  • Dental disease
  • Cataracts

Some medical concerns apply to all three sizes with others being specific to a particular Poodle. It’s important to be aware of these potential medical issues so you can choose the right exercise and food to minimize the risk of your pup developing them. Your Poodle will have its own set of needs and preferences based on both your lifestyle and theirs.

It is always important to include a veterinarian in any discussion about exercise and food, so choices are made based on scientific fact rather than hearsay and can be used to combat potential medical problems that could hinder your dog in the future.

Health Issues in Puppies


This can happen in all Poodle puppies but is more common with Toy and Miniature sizes. It is a situation where there is a very sudden decrease in blood sugar levels. This can happen when a puppy is stressed or not eating properly. They can become very weak and clumsy along with tremors and confusion. If this happens, your puppy’s blood sugar needs to be raised. Honey or dissolved sugar is best.

After you get them settled, they then need a visit to their veterinarian. If this becomes a regular occurrence, Pet Wellbeing Blood Sugar Gold may help settle your pup’s blood sugar levels until testing can determine the root cause. Never try products unless your veterinarian is aware and approves of them—especially in puppies.


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Poodle puppies are too little to have tick and flea prevention early on in their lives. This means they are at risk of bites. If this is the case, it can lead to issues with anemia as these bugs bite and drain blood. Too much blood loss means your puppy could become anemic, which is a very serious condition. You need to take preventative measures.

If they do become anemic, however, your veterinarian must step in for treatment. It is also helpful to choose food that is rich in iron if your puppy is diagnosed anemic, such as Halo Holistic. A rich source of iron will help your pup to regain some of its blood balance.


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Health Issues in Adult Poodles

Hip Dysplasia & Luxating Patella

These conditions can be a potential problem in Poodles of all sizes. In the case of the Patella, the hip joint or knee joint becomes weak and can become dislocated. This can be genetic but made worse from being overweight, doing excessive exercise or a fast growth rate.

Both health issues are painful and hinder walking. Medication such as anti-inflammatory drugs and bed rest can help but both may require surgery.

Many types of food are helpful in supporting good bones and ligaments so it’s helpful to give your Poodle one that will do this in the hopes of lessening the chance of Hip Dysplasia and the Luxating Patella. Wellness Core Grain-Free Original is helpful in combating both as it has glucosamine and chondroitin to help support joint health. It works well for athletic dogs that need extra joint protection.

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This medical issue is more common in Poodles than some other breeds. It is diagnosable and can be treated but is a serious condition that can not be left without attention. Medication such as Primidone is used to treat the condition A prescription is required but must be taken for the health and comfort of your Poodle.



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Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Is an eye disease that can lead to complete blindness in a Poodle. It is not treatable but there are studies showing antioxidants can potentially slow down its progress ensuring your Poodle has more time with sight.

Brands such as Taste of the Wild High Pacific Stream Grain-Free may help with this delay as it is loaded with antioxidants that could potentially combat the progression of the disease.




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Von Willebrand’s Disease

This is a blood issue that means a Poodle’s blood will not clot properly so any open wound can bleed for an unusual amount of time. Your dog can suffer from nose bleeds, gum issues, or have blood in their urine or feces if they have this disease.

It is not currently curable but it can be treated. Soft dog food is important so there are no sharp pieces or gum issues that will bleed. Wellness Core Grain-Free – Wet Dog Food is a good nutritional recipe that is soft on gums and won’t cause damage to your dog’s mouth.



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Gastric Torsion-Bloat

This is a life-threatening condition that is caused by too much gas or fluid in your Poodle’s stomach when they are eating. Bloat can cause the stomach to rotate, which then becomes a life-threatening condition.

Proper diet is vital in combating bloat along with reducing water intake at meal times. Food such as Canine Caviar Limited Ingredient Diet Puppy Holistic Entrée Grain-Free can help as it has both pro- and prebiotics to help digestion and ward off the potential issue of bloat.




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Final Thoughts

All these potential health problems can be serious, if not life-threatening, and require treatment. It is not a complete list but highlights some of the most critical medical issues for Poodles. It’s important to never self-diagnose your Poodle as, without the right treatment, a particular illness can cost them their lives. Your veterinarian is the best person to navigate your Poodle’s symptoms and health.

However, there are products that can be used in a preventative way if you know what needs to be looked at as a potential health threat. Be aware of the potential issues that your Toy, Miniature or Standard Poodle could face and then look for activities, nutrition, and supplements that can support their ongoing health.

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