Poodles are a breed of dog that is prone to suffer allergic reactions. Seasonal changes, dust, and mold can make us sneeze and get itchy eyes, but they can also induce allergies in Poodles, which may become a real problem.
Five main categories will trigger allergies in your poodle.
- Contact – an outside source that has touched their skin, eyes or paws
- Flea – bites, and reactions make Poodles itch
- Food – common due to many allergens that can be present in nutrition
- Inhalant – Pollens, dust, and mold
- Bacterial – rare but possible
Toy poodles seem to be more susceptible to allergies than their larger counterparts, but all sizes seem to be affected more than most other breeds. Poodles who have allergies in any of the five categories can show symptoms both internally and externally. If you know the signs, your poodle has, and what is triggering them, this will help in preventing allergies altogether.
An allergic reaction is an immune response to something that has made its way into your poodles’ body, and their body is signaling that it shouldn’t be there. The allergen, be it food, spore or bacteria, is a foreign body and your poodles’ immune system wants to get rid of it, which then causes the allergic reaction.
A reaction in your poodle can lead to external symptoms such as irritated eyes, nose and ears and/or minor skin problems such as eczema or other rashes. Your dog can also experience internal symptoms too, meaning their reaction is causing something like digestive upset.
All these symptoms are not only irritating and uncomfortable for your poodle but can become serious if they aren’t addressed. Secondary infections can happen if itching and rubbing are left on their own, and excessive digestive issues can mean dehydration and nutritional deficiencies.
Preventing Allergies in Poodles
Contact allergies are prevalent in poodles and happen when they react to something they touch. It can cause itching anywhere on their body or, in one particular area such as their paws. It can also cause eye and nasal discharge. Preventing this type of allergy is important as the itching can lead to sores from constant scratching that can be followed by an infection.
- Carpets or fabric covered furniture – certain textiles or the cleaners used on them
- Grooming products – many shampoos, conditioners, or hair products can bother your Poodles skin. They can also irritate if they aren’t rinsed out of their coat properly
- Laundry detergent – Anything washed can be problematic if your pup is allergic to the soap used
You can prevent these allergies by:
- Not using a carpet cleaner
- Using a hypoallergenic laundry detergent with no perfumes added
- Using hypoallergenic hair care products such as Dog Wash Puppy Pure and Simple
- Rinse your poodle’s coat out thoroughly of any bath products or sprays
- Use Vitamin E oil to help dry skin. Products like Alaska Naturals Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil Natural Dog Supplement
Flea Allergies come from a reaction to a flea’s saliva after they bite your poodle. Although this bite will make all dogs itch, those with an allergy can have a severe reaction. Uncontrollable itching can lead to bald patches and sores which can become infected. Prevention and treatment are crucial to ending this reaction.
You can prevent this through:
- Flea and Tick collars – Hartz Ultraguard
- Using a fogger in a home that may have fleas – Advantage Household Fogger
- Wash your pup with a flea shampoo if they are infected – Hartz Ultraguard Shampoo helps as it fights fleas and has oatmeal to soothe skin.
- Vitamin E to sooth skin
- Oatmeal canine shampoo
Food allergies can be difficult to diagnose with as some dogs as they don’t show external signs of reaction like itching. However, they may have other symptoms that are internal such as diarrhea or stomach upset. Many food elements can cause both internal and external reactions, and it can be difficult to narrow it down. Your poodles’ veterinarian can make a diagnosis.
Once you can have them tested or are able to figure out what the particular allergen is, then you can choose an appropriate food. Foods with grains, poultry, or eggs can all be triggers.
Preventing food allergies means offering foods such as:
- Instinct Limited Ingredient Diet Grain-Free Dry Dog Food with Real Lamb which has few ingredients limiting allergens
- Wellness Simple Limited Ingredient Diet Grain-Free Salmon & Potato. Another product with limited ingredients and grain free. Flaxseed to help irritated skin
- Tree pollen
- Grass & weed pollen
- Dust Mites
While some of these allergens can be reduced to prevent reaction such as smoke, many cannot. Not being able to remove the allergen means that your poodle must be treated to stop their reaction. Prevention through allergen removal is difficult, so it becomes prevention through medication. Their veterinarian will look at giving them:
- Anti-inflammatory medicines or steroids
- Antihistamines such as Apoquel
- Fatty Acid supplements
- Hypoallergenic oatmeal based shampoo to wash away triggers
Bacterial allergies in poodles are rarer than regular allergies. These allergies are actually reactions to bacteria that infects your pup. The dog’s own body triggers this.
The immune system fights a Staph bacterium which is naturally occurring in your dog. It causes skin irritation and needs antibiotics or desensitizing to keep it away. Prevention comes from keeping your poodle healthy overall, so their immune system doesn’t try to fight these bacteria. Good health allows the bacteria to remain at normal levels in your pup.
Allergies are hard on your poodle, especially if they lead to secondary issues that make them feel miserable. Serious skin or digestive problems can multiply and affect their quality of life. Finding an environment that is healthy for them and being proactive in preventing allergies is important.
You want to work with your dog’s veterinarian to find ways that you can alleviate the issue through either removing the allergen or creating a scenario that lessens its impact. Less irritant and reaction means a happier and more content pooch.